Forgotten Warrior Brigadier General John Nixon by Harry Schenawolf

Brave, Humble, Firm, Dedicated There are two Revolutionary War soldiers of merit who share the same name. Colonel John Nixon of Pennsylvania and Brigadier General John Nixon of Massachusetts. Colonel Nixon of Pennsylvania has received far more attention than General Nixon. Colonel Nixon, along with his father Richard, were shipbuilders and prominent citizens of Philadelphia …

A Drunken, Canting, Lying, Hypocritical Rabble by Harry Schenawolf

The Continental Army of 1775 This article presents four eyewitness accounts on the condition and general attitude of the American Forces in the summer of 1775. It concludes with six of George Washington’s commentaries on the situation of the army at that time and his personal frustrations. After the battles of Lexington and Concord (April …

Slavery, The Paradox of the American Revolution Part 2 – Christian Slaveholders Claim God Ordained Slavery by Harry Schenawolf

The following is a letter addressed by John C. Calhoun (Vice President of the United States) to the Methodist Reverend Alexander McCain in response to McCain’s pamphlet in favor of slavery being ordained by God. “My Dear Sir. I have read with pleasure your pamphlet, entitled, ‘Slavery Defended from the Scriptures Against Abolitionists.’ You have …

Slavery, The Paradox of the American Revolution Part 1 – States Bill of Rights by Harry Schenawolf

It can be argued that the colonial bill of rights stemmed from a reaction to what was considered ‘heavy handed’ powers exerted by the British government’s representatives in America. Many Americans, especially the wealthy and merchants, felt constrained by the ever imposing laws and resolutions that cut into their finances. This filtered down to the …

Antoine Laurent Lavoisier by Harry Schenawolf

Gunpowder Wizard for the American Cause in the Revolutionary War For decades England’s draconian control of American imports and exports demanded that the colonists deal only with British and Scottish agents. Americans had to sell colonial goods to these agents who took a nice cut prior to distribution. The British government also kept a tidy …

Cordwainers & Cobblers in Colonial America by Harry Schenawolf

Shoemakers and Repair            “The cobbler aproned and the parson gowned, The friar hooded, and the monarch crowned. Or cobbler-like, the parson will be drunk; Worth makes the man, and want of it the fellow. The rest is all but leather or prunella.”                                                 Pope, Essay on Man The word shoe is derived form the …

Cockades in Washington’s Army by Harry Schenawolf

Prior to the Battle of Long Island, the general orders issued by supreme commander General George Washington on August 20th, 1776 included instructions detailing the use of cockades. This was early in the war when the rebellious colonists’ main army was basically made up of militias, still in civilian attire. The section read:  ‘As the …