Category «Essays»

Our Founding Fathers and America’s First 1% Find a Cause, Find a Scapegoat, and Let’s Have a Revolution by Harry Schenawolf

  The colonists, during the period building up to the American Revolutionary War, were becoming more and more aggressive towards England.  However, before Great Britain and Parliament rattled the chains that ‘enslaved Americans and gained the vexation of those seeking liberty’, there was another class of individuals better suited to and far more deserving of …

Was Major General Israel Putnam Responsible for the Disaster at the Battle of Long Island? by Harry Schenawolf

 The Negative Championed by Henry Johnston   Historians have been vocal in their summation of Major General Israel Putnam’s actions and command decisions during the American Revolutionary War. The leading authorities such as Fellows, Dawson, Gordon, Ramsay, Stiles, Bancroft, Field, Lossing, Trevelyan, Ward, and Johnston (to name a few), have all offered evaluations and explanations …

African Americans and the Revolutionary War Victory at Red Bank by Harry Schenawolf

The Battle of Red Bank saw four hundred Americans defend Fort Mercer, New Jersey, against 2,000 Hessians resulting in the second most costly defeat for the British forces after the Battle of Bunker Hill. It was an incredible feat of gallantry and determination by Rhode Island ‘rebels’ who doggedly faced the Hessian attackers’ promise that …

A Drunken, Canting, Lying, Hypocritical Rabble by Harry Schenawolf

The Continental Army of 1775 This article presents four eyewitness accounts on the condition and general attitude of the American Forces in the summer of 1775. It concludes with six of George Washington’s commentaries on the situation of the army at that time and his personal frustrations. After the battles of Lexington and Concord (April …

Slavery, The Paradox of the American Revolution Part 2 – Christian Slaveholders Claim God Ordained Slavery by Harry Schenawolf

The following is a letter addressed by John C. Calhoun (Vice President of the United States) to the Methodist Reverend Alexander McCain in response to McCain’s pamphlet in favor of slavery being ordained by God. “My Dear Sir. I have read with pleasure your pamphlet, entitled, ‘Slavery Defended from the Scriptures Against Abolitionists.’ You have …

Slavery, The Paradox of the American Revolution Part 1 – States Bill of Rights by Harry Schenawolf

It can be argued that the colonial bill of rights stemmed from a reaction to what was considered ‘heavy handed’ powers exerted by the British government’s representatives in America. Many Americans, especially the wealthy and merchants, felt constrained by the ever imposing laws and resolutions that cut into their finances. This filtered down to the …

Enlist no Stroller, Negro, Or Vagabond 1775: The Recruitment of African Americans in the Continental Army

In 1775, when rhetoric turned to open conflict, some militia commanders welcomed freemen and slaves into their ranks.  Twenty percent of the country’s residents were of African heritage with four percent of that number freeman.  For many, especially recruiters pressured to meet Congress’ demands for enlistment quotas; it seemed an ideal answer to the problem …