Category «Battles»

Battle of White Plains – October 28, 1776 by Harry Schenawolf

The Americans suffered defeat at the Battle of Long Island on August 27th, 1776, and a third of Washington’s army barely escaped Brooklyn to the city. General Washington and his army were forced to wait anxiously for British General Howe to make the next move. The rebel troops were spread out over Manhattan Island, north …

African Americans and the Revolutionary War Victory at Red Bank by Harry Schenawolf

The Battle of Red Bank saw four hundred Americans defend Fort Mercer, New Jersey, against 2,000 Hessians resulting in the second most costly defeat for the British forces after the Battle of Bunker Hill. It was an incredible feat of gallantry and determination by Rhode Island ‘rebels’ who doggedly faced the Hessian attackers’ promise that …

American Forces Chain of Command – Start of the New York Campaign 1776 by Harry Schenawolf

When the British abandoned Boston, George Washington and his generals knew King George was far from listening to the colonist’s demands. They would be back, and in force. But where? All information and common sense pointed to New York City. Though smaller in size than Philadelphia and not the center of the fledgling rebel government, …

Battle of Point Pelham

October 18, 1776 Westchester County NY Colonel John Glover Commander American Forces General William Howe Though considered a defeat for the Americans, scholars attribute the Battle of Pelham for saving the Continental Army. British ships sailed up the Long Island Sound and landed troops in the rear of Washington’s retreating army. They hoped to race …

KIP’S BAY INVASION – York (Manhattan) Island, September 15, 1776

Eighteenth century battles were fought on the field of honor.  In Europe, it meant that each army lined up and pounded away at each other over a spacious, flat field.  If there were fortifications, massive trenches were dug, inching cannon forward until close enough to reduce the walls to rubble and encourage surrender.  Continuous broadsides …

British Defeat at Fort Sullivan – Charlestown, June 28, 1776

British Strategy The year 1776 started well for the rebel’s thirst for independence. They had kicked the British out of Boston and won a major victory at Charlestown. Only the invasion of Canada had proved to be disastrous. However, things quickly changed course. New York City and most of New Jersey were lost. Time and …

Battle of Harlem Heights Sept. 16, 1776

Americans give the British a good drubbing Introduction As far as battles fought during the American Revolutionary War, the Battle of Harlem Heights was considered a smaller affair.   As far as victor, most historians consider the contest a draw based on the number of casualties and because all parties returned to their former lines. However, …

Battle of Red Bank, October 22, 1777

The summer of 1777 saw General Howe transporting a substantial part of his army south from New York to the Chesapeake Bay. His goal was to capture Philadelphia. After the Battle of Brandywine Creek, Sept. 11th, 1777, the Americans abandoned Philadelphia and General Cornwallis’ troops occupied the city on Sept. 26th. On Oct. 3rd, Washington …

Battle of Germantown – Part 2

October 4th, 1777 Introduction The Continental Army was licking its wounds after their defeat at Brandywine Creek on September 11, 1777.  However, with the arrival of militia from Maryland, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey, including Wayne’s six hundred men who had rejoined the army after trailing the British, his army was larger than what he had …

Battle of Germantown, Part 1

Ill-armed, still worse clothed, mostly unshod, scantily fed, discipline lacking, and poorly officered; these and more were accurate descriptions of the American Army that fled to the outskirts of Philadelphia in the fall of 1777 after their disastrous defeat at Brandywine Creek, Maryland.  However, many saw evidence of hope among all this despair, especially those …