Category «British»

America’s First African American Military Unit: Ethiopian Brigade in the American Revolution

The Ethiopian Brigade was the brainchild of John Murray, the 4th Earl of Dunmore, Royal Governor Lord Dunmore of Virginia. On November 7, 1775, he issued a proclamation that rattled the chains of slavery; that which fueled the economy of both the northern and southern thirteen rebellious British Colonies in North America.   Open warfare had …

British Army Command & Structure in the American Revolution – Grenadier & Light Infantry Battalions by Harry Schenawolf

Intro The French and Indian War in the North American Colonies (Seven Years War in Europe) posed unique circumstances that required the British officers who fought in America to consider changes in their tactics and army’s structure.  Gone were the windswept fields where large bodies of troops faced each other over open ground.  Skirmishes and …

General Sir Henry Clinton, General William Howe’s Opinionated Second in Command During the American Revolutionary War

It is common knowledge that the Ministerial Forces of King George the Third stationed in America during the War of Independence were as much absorbed in quarreling with one another as in fighting the rebel army, not due to differences over strategy, but because of personal friction. Simply put,  there was little, if any cooperation …

John Murray. Lord Dunmore – the Last Royal Governor of Virginia and the First to Offer Freedom to American Slaves

John Murray, the fourth Earl of Dunmore, was a tall, athletic Scotsman with a shock of red hair. He had a flair for the military and enjoyed the benefits that life offered those born to wealth. He became Royal Governor of Virginia in 1771 and gained favor with the aristocratic gentry and plantation owners, which …

British Brigade of Guards

Royal Regiment of Foot Guards in the American Revolutionary War The British Brigade of Guards that fought in the American Revolutionary War was  rooted in the English Civil War period of the mid seventeenth century.  This select group of guardsmen raised specifically for the American conflict was chosen from the three guards regiments:  First Foot …