Southern Patriots & Loyalists in the Revolutionary War: Not a Battle of Good vs. Evil, but a Civil War Grasping a Cause to Justify Violence

We as a nation tend to picture confrontation as a battle between the forces of good and evil, white and black, righteous and immoral, virtuous and corrupt – enlightenment and the dark side. Whenever the word patriotism is mentioned, Americans immediately identify with and embrace the former. And if one were to question, or doubt …

Alexander Hamilton’s 1774 Essay on British Oppression Unnervingly Echoes Trump’s Character

Alexander Hamilton, learned essayist, founding father, soldier and patriot, whose statue adorns the lofty pillars of the Treasury Building in Washington DC, wrote a revolutionary paper in December, 1774. It described a bureaucrat so much like President Donald Trump, that the eerie echoes of time reverberate over the centuries and reveal a stark reality that …

America’s First African American Military Unit: Ethiopian Brigade in the American Revolution by Harry Schenawolf

The Ethiopian Brigade was the brainchild of John Murray, the 4th Earl of Dunmore, Royal Governor Lord Dunmore of Virginia. On November 7, 1775, he issued a proclamation that rattled the chains of slavery; that which fueled the economy of both the northern and southern thirteen rebellious British Colonies in North America.   Open warfare had …

British Army Command & Structure in the American Revolution – Grenadier & Light Infantry Battalions by Harry Schenawolf

Intro The French and Indian War in the North American Colonies (Seven Years War in Europe) posed unique circumstances that required the British officers who fought in America to consider changes in their tactics and army’s structure.  Gone were the windswept fields where large bodies of troops faced each other over open ground.  Skirmishes and …

Our Founding Fathers and America’s First 1% Find a Cause, Find a Scapegoat, and Let’s Have a Revolution by Harry Schenawolf

  The colonists, during the period building up to the American Revolutionary War, were becoming more and more aggressive towards England.  However, before Great Britain and Parliament rattled the chains that ‘enslaved Americans and gained the vexation of those seeking liberty’, there was another class of individuals better suited to and far more deserving of …

Dr. Joseph Warren. Patriot Leader in the Turmoil to Revolution by Harry Schenawolf

“…[If] it appears that the only way to safety is through fields of blood, I know you will not turn your faces from our foes, but will undauntedly press forward until tyranny is trodden underfoot…”                                     Dr. Joseph Warren, March 5, 1775, three months before he was killed in battle.   On the blackened summit …

Iron Forge in Colonial America by Harry Schenawolf

In the early 17th century nations making claim to the Americas discovered an enormous wealth of natural resources.  Raw materials bolster a country’s economy and increase its ability to dominate in trade and in war.  Though the discovery of gold by the Spanish increased that nation’s wealth, iron ore from North America  gave Great Britain the …

Eighteenth Century Bomb Ketch by Harry Schenawolf

Bomb Ketch, galiote a bombe, or simply Bomb, were men-of-war sailing vessels that were in use for approximately 150 years (circa 1680 – 1835). The main armament was not cannon and therefore they did not take their place in line of battle during major sea battles. Their design, the brainchild of mathematician and Inspector General …

Was Major General Israel Putnam Responsible for the Disaster at the Battle of Long Island? by Harry Schenawolf

 The Negative Championed by Henry Johnston   Historians have been vocal in their summation of Major General Israel Putnam’s actions and command decisions during the American Revolutionary War. The leading authorities such as Fellows, Dawson, Gordon, Ramsay, Stiles, Bancroft, Field, Lossing, Trevelyan, Ward, and Johnston (to name a few), have all offered evaluations and explanations …

Battle of White Plains – October 28, 1776 by Harry Schenawolf

The Americans suffered defeat at the Battle of Long Island on August 27th, 1776, and a third of Washington’s army barely escaped Brooklyn to the city. General Washington and his army were forced to wait anxiously for British General Howe to make the next move. The rebel troops were spread out over Manhattan Island, north …